Tourism and International RelationsHRODC Postgraduate Training Institute
- Em 9edes
O que se aprende nesse curso?
Basic IT training
Financial Risk Management
The short content of the course:
- United Nations, introduction
- The advent of International Organizations
- The United Nations
- International Law
- Theories of International Relations
- The effect of International Relations on Daily lives
- International Relations as a field of political science
- Role and intended outcome of political science in international security affairs
- Role of political science in international political economy
- International Events and Consequence for International Relations
- Basic Principles that shape International Relations
- Three basic principles of International Relations- Dominance, Reciprocity, and Identity.
- International Security and International Political Economy as sub-disciplines of International Relations
- ‘States' as the most important actors International Relations
- Sovereignty of independent territorial states
- State Variance, in relation to size of population and economy - microstates to great powers
- The influence of nonstate actors, such as multinational corporations (MNCs), nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and intergovernmental organizations (IGOs)
- The effect of the worldwide revolution in Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) in reshaping the capabilities and preferences of actors in International Relations
- Four levels of International Relations analysis - individual, domestic, interstate, and global
- Multiple and simultaneous in International Relations
- The ‘North-South Divide', in wealth - industrialized vs. Poor
- World Wars I and II as exemplars of the contradiction of the utility of hard-line or conciliatory foreign policies
- Post War politics and the ‘bipolar standoff' - aversion of wars
- The post-Cold War era and the co-operations of former rivals
- The ‘war on terrorism': Certainty or Uncertainty of scope, duration and international
- The U.S. military campaign in Iraq: Original objectives and worldwide consequences
- China and its increasing involvement in world politics
- Globalization as increasing worldwide integration of communications, culture, and economics
- Globalization and national culture
- Globalization and financial risk management
- The emergence of the World Trade Agreement (WTA)
- The World Trade Organisation (WTO)
- The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
- The General Agreement of Trade in Services (GATS)
- Economics of tourism;
- Tourism and gross domestic product;
- Tourism and related industries;
- Tourism and service industries;
- Tourism as an ‘economic growth factor';
- Tourism and ‘world stage';
- The contribution of national tourism to a country's foreign exchange reserve;
- National tourism and international credit rating;
- Tourism and regional co-operation;
- National tourism and strategy implementation;
- Planning international tourism strategy;
- Implementing international tourism strategy;
- Contemporary tourism issues;
- Worker participation and problem solving within tourism;
- International tourism and worker professionality;
- Strategic decision making;
- Carry out tourism management functions to a high professional level;
- Tourism and human resource management;
- Application of balanced score card tourism;
- International tourism;
- International gust relations;
- Tourism and industrial survivor kit;
- Tourism and counter-terrorism;
- International conventions and protocol;
- Risk management: an introduction
- Opportunities and strength analysis in tourism;
- Strength and weakness analysis in tourism organisation;
- Using information from SWOT analysis to enhance tourism strategy.
The objectives of the course:
- Explain the objectives and principles of the United Nations
- Illustrate, with period or dates, the progressive development of International Organizations
- Exhibit their comprehension of The United Nations, as an International Organisation, with specific relation to its
- Demonstrate an understanding of the extent to which International Relations affects our daily lives;
- Conceptualize International Relations as a field of political science that is concerned mainly with explaining political outcomes in international security affairs and in international political economy.
- Demonstrate the extent to which theories complement descriptive narratives in explaining international events and outcomes;
- Exhibit an understanding of the persistent theoretical and methodological disagreement between scholars
- Exhibit a heightened understanding of the notion that a few basic core principles shape the field of International Relations;
- Demonstrate their understanding that International Relations is associated with the issue of collective versus individual interests;
- Explain the three basic principles of International Relations- dominance, reciprocity, and identity
- Justify the major sub disciplines of International Relations- international security and international political economy (IPE).
- Demonstrate their understanding of the reasons why States are the most important actors in International Relations
- Lead a discussion into the bases of International System is relation to the sovereignty of independent territorial states.
- Exhibit an understanding of the variance of states, in relation to the size of population and economy or microstates to great powers;
- Provide a rationale for the fact that non state actors such as multinational corporations (MNCs), nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) exert an increasing amount of influence on international relations;
- Internalise the fact that the worldwide revolution in communication and communications technologies (ICTs) have a remarkable effect on the reshaping of the capabilities and preferences of actors in International Relations;
- Name the four levels of International Relations analysis, notably individual, domestic, interstate, and global, explaining why they provide multiple explanations to, and simultaneously outcomes of, International Relations;
- Explain the global level of International Relations analysis, particularly with respect to the effect of technological change and the global gap in wealth between the industrialized North and the poor South;
- Be able to explain why World Wars I and II, provide a contradictory view of the utility of hard-line or conciliatory foreign policies;
- Exhibit a heightened understanding of why post-war policies revolved around the East-West rivalry of the Cold War;
- Indicate how the ‘bipolar standoff' created stability and averted wars between the ‘great powers';
- Provide a rationale for the general cooperation between great powers in the post Cold-War era, despite the appearance of new ethnic and regional conflicts;
- Explain why the ‘war on terrorism', although having broad international support, has an uncertain scope and duration
- Indicate the extent to which The U.S. military campaign in Iraq has divided the great powers, heightening anti-US sentiments, internationally;
- Demonstrate an awareness of China's increasingly central role in world politics
- Internalize the phenomenon of globalization as, even though controversial, might be explained as the increasing worldwide integration in communications, culture, and economics;
- Define Globalization in relation to the increasing worldwide integration of communications, culture, and economics
- Take a lead in the current debate relating to globalization and national culture, specifically how one might support or distract from the advancement or maintenance of the other;
- Explain the inception of the World Trade Agreement (WTA) and the prospect that it was seem to have held at that time.
- Give a brief explanation of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and the level of the current membership.
- Explain what dumping means and how it's viewed by host nations.
- Conversant with the sunset agreement and its implications for the parties involved.
- Demonstrate a heightened understanding of the pre-existing and persistent trade war between United States and the United Kingdoms.
- Indicate the requirement for detecting and validating dumping.
- Provide cases to support their explanation of countervailing dumping measures.
- Use the relationship between China and India on the one hand on the majority of the WTO membership, on the other.
- Explain the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the primary objectives of its establishments.
- Demonstrate an understanding of GATT and analysis the winners and losers.
- Explain the progress towards and obstacles affecting a unitary GATT system.
- List at least five services covered by the General Agreement of Trade in Services (GATS).
- Outline the inspection of GATS and its effectiveness.
- List the main objectives of GATS and the extend to which they have so far been achieved.
- List at least 10 participants of GATS agreement.
- Explain the main rationale to the current opposition to GATS.
- Propose a strategy for protecting National and International frontiers, whiles insuring continuing participations in GATS.
- Suggest how National Sovereignty might be protected in the light of the GATS.
- Use cases to illustrate the conflict that persists between National Security and free service promotion under GATS.
- Use the case of US Ports Authority (P and O Ferries) and the (Dubai Ports Authority) to support the nation that there is some element of protectionism in the international service trade agreement under GATS.
- Evaluate the US Stance towards GATS particularly in the light of the Cancun.
- Chart the progression of GATS in Europe, particularly evaluating the international free trade of (GATS) within original free trade (EC).
- Debate GATS vs. market in infiltration.
- Illustrate UK's attribute towards GATS, drawing conclusions as to wither she is at odes with the rest of Europe
- Explain the economic values that are associated with tourism;
- Calculate the likely contribution of tourism to a country's overall gross domestic product;
- Position tourism as an ‘economic growth factor';
- Positively link increasing effectiveness of national tourism with improvement in associated industries;
- Illustrate, drawing on available statistics, the interrelationship between tourism and the service sector;
- Statistically verify the relationship between regional and global events and national tourism;
- Demonstrate the relationship between a country's position on the world stage and national tourism activities;
- Plan and implement tourism strategies confidently within both domestic and international contexts;
- Have a sound understanding and a critical awareness of contemporary tourism issues;
- Deal with complex issues both systematically and creatively and make sound judgements;
- Demonstrate self direction and originality in solving problems;
- Act autonomously and professionally in planning and implementing strategies;
- Fully develop the qualities and transferable skills, including initiative, decision-making and independent learning ability, necessary for today's global tourism industry;
- Carry out tourism management functions to a high professional level;
- Position tourism management and human resource management as symbolically related;
- Apply balance score card to tourism and tourism management;
- Exhibit a heightened understanding of International tourism and its positive and negative implications for the prevailing culture and culture integration;
- Provide substantive evidence that might support the nation that the industrial and service sector are highly depending on tourism;
- Demonstrate a high level of understanding of the negative impact that terrorism has on international tourism;
- Illustrate their understanding of the relationship between a country's participation in and contribution to international conventions and protocol and increased tourism activities;
- Explain and calculate the contribution that national tourism makes to a country's foreign exchange reserve;
- Demonstrate an understanding of the extent to which tourism contributes to a country's credit rating;
- Demonstrate an understanding of the importance of regional co-operation in boosting national tourism;
- Exhibit a heightened understanding of risk management in tourism;
- Conduct risk assessment in an aspects of tourism;
- Use tangible evidence to indicate that they can position an organisation or its subsystem to manage risk and disaster preparedness within the tourism sector;
- Recall fundamental issues associated with risk management, disaster recovery and organisational continuity;
- Provide a working definition of financial risk and financial risk management;
- Name, with brief expiation, of at least four different areas to which financial risk might be associated;
- Demonstrate their understanding of the financial risk that is associated with the operation of governmental and business organisations;
- Discuss, illustrating a heightened understanding of the extent to which globalization is a major contributory factor to the ineffectiveness of current financial risk management strategy.
- An understanding tourism and contemporary tourism issues from a global community perspective.
- Communication in international tourism: practical and conceptual and contextual issues.
- Local national regional and international tourism: distinction and issues to be addressed.
- The rule of government in police formulation and dissimilation.
- Micro and macro economics and global tourism.
- Tourism and international equilibrium.
- Psychology of destination marketing.
- Global Vs community-oriented tourism marketing.
- Psychological travel profiles.
- Host-gust relation and cultural issues.
- Social and cultural issues associated with global tourism.
- Tourism destination management.
- ‘Progressive' developing countries and international tourism.
- Industry wide problems and solutions: national and global challenge.
- Exhibit the ability to effectively communicate orally and in writing, to appreciate the nature of controversy and intellectual conflict, and how to balance the needs and interests of opposing points of view.
- Demonstrate and understanding the various components of the tourism system on a local, state, regional, national, and international level.
- To identify the role of government in establishing regulations and policies to protect, conserve, and manage the environmental resources.
- To understand how basic economic principles relate to global community-oriented tourism